Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Monday, May 27th, 2019

Democratic Political System: Key to Nation Building

Awareness and positive involvement of the citizens in civic and political matters play a key role in the political stability and development of any political system. This is why democracy demands from the common man a certain level of ability and character: rational conduct and active participation in the government. In Afghanistan, political parties, politicians and transition programs have been marked with turbulence, uncertainties and violence. Afghan politics is characterized by greed, love of power, violence, assassination, thuggery and election rigging.
Unfortunately, violence has become equal to Afghan political culture such that virtually all elections held so far in the country are violent ridden. It is common that, during the election, there are reported cases of underage voting, distribution of money, manipulation of voters’ register, diversion of electoral materials, ballot box snatching, unlawful possession of firearms and other electoral offences. This political scenario engendered lukewarm political attitude and participation among many Afghan citizens.
In a democratic political system, the citizens shall be involved in the political process and decision making by joining political process, political party, voting during election, participating in electoral campaign, community affairs and other political activities. Indeed, the level and pattern of political participation of the citizens determine, to some extent, the success of the political system. In Afghanistan, politics is seen by a number of people as a dirty game which must be avoided. This goes back to the background of undemocratic politics in Afghanistan. And undemocratic tendencies, deception, violence and uncertainties that characterize the political system are the results of such a political system in the past. In fact, political apathy displaced by some Afghan citizens during general elections, can be laminated as: voters’ apathy in Afghanistan is no longer contentious. Voters turnout in the just concluded general elections in the past have provided a scientific and empirical evidence of the existence of voters’ apathy and disinterestedness of sections of the electorates in elections and it may be more prevalent in the coming elections. This scenario will have very negative implications for popular participation and governance in the country.
However, the development and nourishment of true democracy in Afghanistan depends, to a large extent, on the electoral system. The electoral system of Afghanistan shall ensure the confidence of the citizens in the electoral system and their participation in the electoral process in order to bring the responsible and democratic leaders to the stage. As a result, the success of the 2018 Wolsi Jirga election requires transparent electoral process and mass participation of the electorates.  
The political culture in Afghanistan is characterized by intolerance, intimidation, thuggery, assassination, bitterness, apathy, indolence, money, religious and ethnic politics. As a result of this, the ingredients of democracy have not been able to thrive in the country. Therefore, the Afghan electoral system shall act in a way to change the assumptions that the citizens possess and demonstrate some civic capacities. These civic capacities involve three qualities: intelligence, self-control and conscience. The citizens must be able to understand the interest of the community, to subordinate his own will to the general will and must feel his responsibility to the community and be prepared to serve it by voting. This can ensure nation building and one nation with one goal in Afghanistan.