Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, August 15th, 2020

Why Council of Afghan Presidential Candidates Deceive Their Own People

Afghanistan Presidential hopefuls staged a rally on Thursday urging the formation of a takeover government and resignation of the elected Afghan president Ghani. According to the reports only 2 people out of the 10 knew why they were there. Afghan government welcomed the political gathering but said it found no new issue in the communiqué of the Afghan Presidential Candidates.
As most of the people did not know about the real agenda of the candidate and also many people were there because they were paid by the candidates, these acts of the candidates are the signs of deceiving the people and making lie to them.
It is necessary to assess the causes and consequences of these acts of candidates. It is self-explanatory that political leaders in democratic political systems are much more dependent than autocrats on public support for election policy initiatives. If they conclude they cannot compete with their rivals in a fair manner, then they find no other way except making lies to the people to have their support or gain their votes. As a result, they resort to deceiving the people as a powerful incentive to gain badly needed public support.
Based on this, Afghans must face the troubling realization that Afghan leaders will be unusually prone to engage in lying as well as different forms of deceptions to have the support of their own populations. Thus, politicians will resort to distortion, exaggeration, misrepresentation, deception, half-truth and overstatement. The reason is that they think the risk is worth it. According to this approach the consequences of a politician getting caught are outweighed – they think – by the benefits of telling voters what they want to hear. 
The consequences of deceiving the People
The approach of the political leaders to gain the support of the people by lying to them has severe consequences. People will lose their trust to the political mechanisms, it may lead to short-term political and policy performance but it will have negative impacts on political participation. Further, this approach will lead to the ‘Anger’ at government, increases partisan divides among the politically engaged, most government agencies will be viewed unfavorably by majorities of the public, and Young people will lose confidence in the nation’s direction.
The protest staged by the Afghan presidential hopefuls urging the establishment of an interim government and resignation of President Ghani, reminds the 1990s in Afghanistan. The Council of the Afghan Presidential Candidates is just deceiving the people by telling lies about the peace process, security and participation of the people in the public administration. They may gain some short policy achievements but will make the people to distrust the political system and democratic processes.