Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Tuesday, July 14th, 2020

Consequences of Accepting the Unilateral Demands of the Taliban

The seventh round of United States-Taliban talks in Doha will start soon. What is evident is that the US-Taliban negotiations in Doha have more in odds that in common; as a result, they have been stalling in recent rounds, after some initial progress. The third factor; the Afghan government, have been the main key neglected factor so far in the peace talks process.
Achievement of Permanent Peace Is Impossible without Participation of Afghan Government
Basically, bringing peace to Afghanistan and preserving it; is the first priority of the government. Afghanistan has to build peace. Building peace is the first ever duty of the government. Afghan government has to work to include everyone in a likely signed ceasefire agreement by developing a really effective peace mechanism. This mechanism will improve the ceasefire agreement.
As a result, Afghan government held the Peace Consultative Loya Jirga to develop a road map for peace to be supported by all Afghans and the regional and international community. The Peace Loya Jirga identified preserving the Islamic republic of Afghanistan, preserving the Constitution, preserving the 18 year achievements and emending the constitution based on the mechanism identified in the constitution, as the red lines of the peace talks.
On the other hand, it is the Afghan government to guarantee Human Rights, honor the commitments made in the peace accords with the Taliban, and respond effectively to protect the life and dignity of those who may be put put at great risk for advancing peace and Human Rights.
The Consequences of Neglecting the Afghan Government in the Peace Talks
If the current process that sidelines the Afghan government from the talks continues, the majority of Afghans, especially women, religious and ethnic minority groups, will not accept a peace deal with the Taliban. As the experience of civil war shows in Afghanistan, there will be no peace restored in the country. In fact, a weak and non-inclusive peace deal will lead the country to the new round of conflicts similar to the Afghan civil war in 1990s. This war which started in 1989 was one of the bloodiest and most destructive wars in Afghan history. The Civil War resulted in more than 100,000 deaths and the destruction of Kabul and other main cities.  It nearly destroyed all economic, education, health and governance infrastructures of the country.
The United States and the international community shall act in a responsible manner in managing the Afghan peace talks and reaching an agreement. If they push for a hasty withdrawal from Afghanistan, they may accept most of the demands of the Taliban, including replacing the Islamic Republic governance system with the Emirate of Taliban. This would mean a total surrender of the international community and Afghans to a terrorist group. The consequences of such surrender would be catastrophic; because it would encourage other terrorist groups e.g. ISIS, Al-Qaead to pursue the same path and demands.