Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, November 22nd, 2019

Presidential Election Result: A Big Concern for Afghans, International Community

The 2019 Afghan presidential election is one of the most important events of the country. In terms of the election law, the new election law of Afghanistan is one of the modest and most flexible laws in the region. This law allows the political parties to nominate electoral commissioners. Once the commissioners are selected they can nominate themselves for the Directorates of the Independent Election Commission and Election Complaints Commission. It was expected that all presidential candidates trust the commissions and accept their decision on announcing the primary and final results of the presidential election.
However, nearly all candidates accuse the government of engineering the electoral process. Most of the candidates claim that there have been electoral fraud and even have asked for stopping voter registration process, saying the fraudulent votes are entered to the machines used for the benefits of two prominent candidates.
There is no doubt that electoral fraud is not preventable in Afghanistan due to technical weaknesses of the electoral systems. At the same time, all presidential candidates can misuse this systematic weakness for the sake of their own benefits; we acknowledge that all candidates may not be able to misuse the electoral weaknesses for their own benefits equally due to various factors.
What adds to the concerns of the candidates is not announcing the results according to the electoral schedule. Considering lack of trust to the system and electoral mismanagement of the parliamentary election, it looks natural people and politician to be worried about the fate of the votes and final results. However, there are some presidential candidates who have very few votes and cannot win the election. In terms of the two prominent candidates, namely Ghani and Abdullah, they have a very critical duty in this phase of history of Afghanistan and young democracy of the country. They shall manage this problem wisely and call on their supporters to trust the Afghan electoral institutions and respect the decision on electoral results. At the same time, they shall avoid any prejudgment about the electoral results before they are announced by the Afghan electoral bodies. 
The international community has expressed its concerns on Afghan presidential election frequently. In addition to this, the ambassadors of Afghan neighboring countries, the US Ambassador, the European Union Chief and several ambassadors of the European countries, Russia and China have raised their concerns on the Afghan presidential results.
The United States as a partner and friend of Afghanistan has taken many initiatives to ensure a transparent and credible presidential election. The US high ranking officials including US State Department Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Alice Wells, The US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and U.S. House speaker Pelosi so far have travelled to Kabul on the presidential election.
Afghan citizens are worried about the presidential election result. What add to their concerns are the rumors that different presidential candidates and their fans spread every day. In a country like Afghanistan that has experienced more than 4 decades of war and unrest, people are already battling with insecurity, poverty, terrorism and many other issues. Afghan presidential candidates shall respect the Afghan people who bravely participated in the election and said no to the terrorist groups including Taliban that pursue revival of the Emarat political system. The international community shall play an active role to help the Afghan government manage the electoral process including announcing the final result of presidential the election. The last but not the least the international community shall ensure no candidate can manipulate the voting system to prevent any likely crisis in the country. This can ensure a strong government that can lead the peace talks, tackle corruption and strengthen good governance.