Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, November 28th, 2020

Nascent Democracy Vulnerable to Escalated Violence

Amid the ongoing talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, escalated militancy and civilian casualties are concerning issues. The post-Taliban Afghanistan is considered a democratic state based on approving Constitution to the international standard and conducting presidential and provincial elections, as celebration of democracy and constituted parliament – which is the beating heart of democracy in a state. The public rights and dignity are considered natural and inviolable and any kinds of discrimination and distinction on the grounds of race, sex, color and beliefs have no room in the constitution. People are entitled to exercise their fundamental rights –d namely the rights to life, liberty and property – under democratic principles. All are deemed equal before the law and entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
The state has committed to found an order based on democracy and people’s will and establish a civil society void of violence and bloodshed on the basis of law, social justice and protecting integrity and human rights and dignity. People’s inalienable rights are highly underscored in the law and the state has promised to reinforce social, political, economic and defensive institutions. The words like “liberty”, “freedom of expression”, “human dignity” and “natural rights” is mentioned frequently in the law and considered state’s responsibility to respect and protect. After all, the United States Charter and Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) are also recognized in the Constitution.
However, the question is that does the executive branch enforce the law in its true form? Needless to say, people’s rights and dignity are violated on a large scale and they suffer in one way or another. Forming “a civil society void of oppression, atrocity, discrimination as well as violence” is no more than a dream for Afghan nation and people lose their lives on day-to-day basis. Despite constitutional law, one falls victim to discrimination, especially in judicial system, on the basis of their racial and sexual backgrounds. Based on a survey, lawbreaking has been mostly done by the state rather than the nation. For instance, bribery and administrative corruption are rife in the government’s machinery – the bitter fact accepted by the officials.
Afghanistan’s nascent democracy is under serious question. An increase in civilian casualty is a matter of great concern to the people. To the unmitigated chagrin of the public, the blood of scores of citizens was spilt flagrantly without any reasons and many more are susceptible to terrorism and insecurity. The Taliban continue their violence despite the ongoing talks in the Qatari capital of Doha as well as constant calls for declaration of ceasefire and reduction of violence. 
The government’s good will and olive branch have been responded by bullet and non-combatants took the brunt of terror and violence.
The burgeoning democracy has encountered great barriers in the country and terrorism is a serious threat to it. The heavy casualties and war and violence going on across the country are a slap on the face of democracy. In other words, people fall prey to insurgency and their rights and freedoms are largely violated despite presidential and provincial elections and approval of constitution – which are significant elements of democracy. Moreover, there is a gap between state and nation and the government yet to gain the citizens’ trust. The government will have to focus on the country’s democratization and make efforts to protect the rights and liberty of every citizen. The citizens’ vote should secure their life and freedoms, mainly the freedoms of thoughts and expressions. Hence, democratizing all aspects of social life should be the top priority for the government so as to gain the public trust and nourish the true spirit of democracy in the country.
To strengthen democratic bases, the government will have to advocate human rights in the face of mounting insurgency – it is possible if the authorities remain loyal to their commitments made for the community. Additionally, the strike against warring parties should increase if they increase their insurgency and turn their back to the demands of Afghan people and state. Democracy will come to fruition if the government adopts defensive and offensive mechanisms for protecting the rights and liberty of the public.
If the Taliban are really seeking peace and stability in Afghanistan and come to the table with genuine intention, they have to reduce their violence and declare ceasefire or else the peace talks are likely to reach deadlock. Seeking concessions in the battlefields will be counterproductive.