Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, January 15th, 2021

Afghan Soldiers Pay Heavy Sacrifices for Democratic Values

Fighting against the Taliban and combating terrorism, Afghan soldiers have paid high sacrifices, which triggered an outpouring of national grief. Warring factions, mainly the Taliban guerilla fighters, are widely involved in war crime as they violate the humanitarian law. They kill both combatants and non-combatants without an iota of humanity. Their warped mind filled them with a strong sense of atrocity. Their cruel practices reveal their ideology: accept their dogma or die.
The two decades of militancy has inflicted heavy casualties upon Afghan soldiers and civilians shattering the hope of the public for a civil society in which individuals could exercise their rights and liberty without fear. No wonder, the democratic discourse and human rights have been debated hotly in the post-Taliban administration and filled the air with hope and optimism. Afghan nation dreamed of breathing a sigh of relief in a violence-free society after the downfall of the Taliban’s regime. The establishment of democratic government liberated women from restrictions imposed by the Taliban. Women took active part in social and political issues. For instance, Masouda Jalal was the first female presidential candidate; Habiba Sarabi became the first female provincial governor (2005-2013) and Auzra Jafari became the first female mayor (2008-2013) in Afghanistan which was a milestone in the country’s history. A number of women became members of parliament through elections.
The establishment of Afghanistan’s Constitution based on democratic views boosted the public confidence for a peaceful country. The Constitution, which is unique in the country’s history, entails equal rights for men and women and denies discriminating one on the basis of their sex, race, color or creed. Article 22 states, “Any kind of discrimination and distinction between citizens of Afghanistan shall be forbidden. The citizens of Afghanistan, man and woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.”
Considering these facts, Afghan nation believed to taste the fruit of democracy and live their utopia, in which there were no violence. They flocked to ballot boxes to elect their president and representatives. In other words, the colorful queues of men and women who were waiting impatiently to cast their votes for changing their society and history were really heartening.
To the nation’s unmitigated chagrin, insurgency resurfaced and some of the voters’ fingers were cut by the Taliban fighters. The Taliban’s ragtag militants were reorganized to carry out attacks against Afghan government. They spread fear and disappointment through spilling the blood of men, women and children wherever they could. Women’s freedoms were curtailed and people’s rights and dignity were trampled upon in one way or another. Life turned cheap. MPs and other political figures, including men and women, were ambushed by the militants, which undermined democracy.
In addition to insurgency, corruption in the government’s apparatus also hampered democracy and law enforcement. Some high-ranking officials broke the law with impunity. The judicial system failed to parallel to the legislative power. On the other hand, tribal leaders and the Taliban put self-styled law in practice in the Taliban dominated areas such as conducting desert court and flagellating the women who had transgress the tribal traditions.
However, terrorism remained the main challenge for the government. The Taliban intensified their attacks against the Ghani administration despite signing peace agreement with the United States.
Afghan soldiers, who seek to protect the rights and dignity of the nation and defend national sovereignty, lose their lives on daily basis, but they are forgotten soon. Afterwards, it is their families to suffer from economic constraints and their children will abandon schools. It is an undeniable fact that military forces are the backbone of a society and defend their national values. That is to say, without the blood of soldiers, a nation will never ever breathe a sigh of relief in a relatively peaceful atmosphere.
Afghan soldiers have shown their bravery and gained national honor for the country throughout the history and will do so in the future, too. They must be paid enough heed and the life and dignity of their families should be ensured forever. The government has to pay them decently so that they can fight the battles without economic dilemmas. Moreover, the state must reinforce the soldiers and equip them with strong arms in order to mitigate the insurgency. Our soldiers, who fight not only to protect nation’s rights but also to root out radical groups, should be considered the national heroes and heroines. Their sacrifices are highly appreciable and their names should be eternal in our history. Hence, it is the government is to prevent from further casualties of Afghan combatants and non-combatants through adopting effective strategies.