Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Wednesday, March 22nd, 2023

Taliban Should Respect Rule of War

The escalated insurgency leads to gross violation of human rights and humanitarian law as civilians fall victim to the acts of violence carried out by the Taliban fighters. The life of people has turned too cheap for the Taliban, who refuse to reduce violence. The rule of war carries no significance for the Taliban militants.
A video clip has been recently circulated on social media shows that some Taliban militants are beating an old man as a punishment, which is highly outrageous. The clip fills the air with hatred and disappointment as social media users say that the Taliban have not been moderated, fearing the return of the Islamic Emirate with the same radical elements and dogmatic ideologues. 
The fundamental rights and dignity of Afghan men and women have been violated to a great extent since the Taliban neither respect nor care about public rights and dignity. As a result, Afghans show hatred towards the Taliban’s radical approach and public uprising is taking shape against the Taliban in northern provinces of the country. 
It comes as the Afghan government is constitutionally obliged to observe the United Nation’s Charter and Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The philosophy behind the United Nation’s Charter is state in its preamble as, “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom”. Besides stating the very phrases, the UDHR has pointed out the reason behind wars as, “disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts” and also the way to alleviate the pains and sufferings of mankind as it says, “Recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world”.
Protecting human rights and dignity and alleviating the sufferings of mankind have been the main objectives of international instruments. Men are known to be bestowed natural, inalienable and inviolable rights by the Creator and should be able to exercise their rights without fear. The Charter of the UN and UDHR were ratified following the Second World War with the aim of ending the destructive war and violence. Strong sanctions have been predicted in the UN’s Charter. With this in mind, the heart-wrenching stories, which make the daily headlines in national and international newspapers, are a stain on collective conscience. Now as you are reading this article, scores of men, women and children are suffering in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan’s international allies, including the United Nations, have to show concerns about the flagrant violation of human rights, ongoing in the country as a result of violence and bloodshed carried out by terrorist networks, mainly the Taliban.
The Taliban have never ever observed the humanitarian law. In addition to shedding the blood of civilians, they are widely involved in destroying residential houses, schools, hospitals and other public infrastructures. They do not honor their deal or their promise. The Taliban fighters simply know how to pull trigger. They persist on establishing of Islamic Emirate without regard to the current social and cultural demands and public wants. The people of Afghanistan are against the Taliban’s Islamic Emirate, which inflicted heavy pain and suffering on the people in 1990s.
Radicalism and dogmatic beliefs are the main reason behind the violence and bloodshed. Afghans support democratic values, which urge all individuals to practice tolerance and enhance the spirit of brotherhood so as to put an end to escalated violence and bloodshed. The government and the international community must do their best to institutionalize democratic values and safeguard human rights and dignity.
Afghans need to pursue peace and security through non-violent mechanism and negotiations. Individuals have to practice upon the golden rule, which is accepted in all religion, which says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”.
The Taliban, if do not declare ceasefire, have to observe the rule of war and stop spilling the blood of civilians and destroying public infrastructures. Respecting human rights and dignity as well as humanitarian law are also reiterated by Islam, to not mention international instruments.