Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Wednesday, March 22nd, 2023

What is the Responsibility of the United Nations Security Council: Giving Advice or Issuing Resolution?

The United Nations Security Council is one of the main pillars of the United Nations responsible for safeguarding international peace and security. In regard to the forty-year conflict of Afghanistan, the United Nations, especially the Security Council has a great moral and legal responsibility, but it has never played a conclusive role in resolving the conflict of Afghanistan. However, last week after the recent escalation of war and violence, the UN Security Council convened a special session to discuss the issue of Afghanistan and the Taliban terrorist’s attacks on major cities, human rights abuses, war crimes, increased casualties, and the prevention of a major catastrophe. Given the rising level of war and war crimes, the people of Afghanistan expected the UN Security Council to issue a resolution on the Taliban and their regional backers and take serious action but contrary to its legal role and expectations of the Afghan people, the United Nations did not take a serious decision about the forty-years of war and war crimes in Afghanistan.
According to the UN Charter, the Security Council has the executive authority and powers to deploy peacekeeper forces, approving international sanctions, and authorizing the use of military force against hostile countries. Therefore, the decisions of this council had been usually announced in the form of Security Council Resolutions, but in the case of Afghanistan, it disappointed the people of Afghanistan by giving some repeated advice and condemnation of Taliban crimes. In fact, the UN Security Council, like other human rights organizations and advocates for women’s rights and democracy, advised the Taliban to cease fighting, otherwise, the group’s sovereignty would not be recognized. therefore, the political community of Afghanistan criticizes the indifferent and unserious position of the UN Security Council saying that the responsibility of the Security Council is to issue a resolution, not give a piece of repeated advice.  The people of Afghanistan are also tired of the UN or UNAMA reporting role inside Afghanistan. A few weeks ago, it reported that some 1,659 civilians were killed and another 3,254 wounded – a 47 percent increase compared with the same period last year since the beginning of the current year while ignoring its mediating role in the country. The general and global and expectation from this organization is to take serious mediating measures in the course of curbing war and war crimes in the country. The citizens want to know how many perpetrators of the war crimes have been investigated by the UN or UN-affiliated organizations in Afghanistan. How many fruitful meetings have been held at the UN General Assembly or the Security Council on the 40-year war in Afghanistan? And how many terrorist leaders or supporters have been sanctioned during this long period? Unfortunately, the answers to these questions are almost negative. While Afghanistan is burning in war and war crimes, this organization has ignored the current situation of the Afghan people. The people of Afghanistan have entirely lost their tranquility and cannot restfully sleep due to the Taliban invasion. As pointed out, thousands of families have been killed or displaced. According to a report about 3million people were displaced just in recent months after their houses of people, shops and cities had been destroyed and as result more than 18 million are at dire risk of starvation. The remote districts which fell under the control of the Taliban are deprived of public services such as education and other services. Therefore, the people of Afghanistan expect the UN Security Council to make a decision based on the extraordinary situation imposed on the people.   The Taliban terrorists are not such a group to be reckoned with by the repeated recommendations and warnings of international institutions. The United Nations Security Council should be aware that the Taliban terrorists have never heeded the warning and advice of any of the pro-democracy, human rights, and women’s rights bodies, including the United Nations. They should perform their impartial role and responsibility in ending the forty-year conflicts of Afghanistan. United Nations should be aware that the Taliban terrorists have chosen only one option and that is military domination. They should note that War casualties and Taliban attacks on cities have never prevented them from fighting. Eventually, if the UN is serious about Afghanistan, and if the lives of Afghans are as precious to them as the lives of other human beings, it should proceed with practical actions, not patriarchal advice.
As a final point, the credibility and prestige of United Nation are seriously under questions if does not proceed with practical actions about the forty-years of war and war crimes in Afghanistan. What other crimes should happen in Afghanistan other than forty years of war and war crimes so that the UN can take a firm stand against the Taliban terrorists and their supporters? The worst catastrophes and accidents happen every day while the situation is getting worse with elapsing of every hour. Public infrastructures, private homes, hospitals, shops, bridges, and other infrastructure are being crazily destroyed, and humanitarian aids and even reporting are becoming increasingly difficult on the ground. The wide engagement of the Taliban terrorists in civilian casualties has been highly disconcerting for the people of Afghanistan. The Taliban terrorists are killing Afghan soldiers and civilians alike without regard to the International Humanitarian Law. They occupy the houses of local people to fight against the government but the United Nations simply play the role of a spectator. The United Nations Security Council and its powerful members have indifferently ignored catastrophic conditions while they are very sensitive about other parts of the world such as Ukraine, Syria, Iraq, and Uighur religious groups in China.