NATO Secretary General has said that Chicago conference is not the end of his organization's presence in Afghanistan; it is rather a discussion about a new mission. Anders Fogh Rasmussen has stated that the current NATO mission will end in 2014 and in Chicago conference, the new mission will be decided." Heads of NATO member states are holding a conference on May 20-21.
The direction they will take is crucial for the future of Afghanistan. Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), has said, "Many Afghans worry that NATO's departure from Afghanistan will put basic rights under increasing threat. Unless urgent steps are taken to address Afghanistan's governance crisis, NATO's legacy may be a country run by abusive warlords and unaccountable security forces."
International community is talking about a new mission in Afghanistan at the time while security situation is deteriorating and the Taliban continue to keep some provinces insecure. In addition, good governance continues to remain elusive and sugar-coated.
Lack of good governance and inefficiency of the current Afghan administration have disappointed Afghan people and they are worried about the future of their country after ten years of international community's presence.
Observers believe that failure to develop good governance is a principal factor for increasing insurgency as Roth from Human Rights Watch said, "Governance failures have been a main driver of the insurgency in Afghanistan. NATO members should take human rights and good governance as seriously as more traditional security issues. They should leverage security assistance to the Afghan government to press for institutions able to bring its security forces under the rule of law."
There is also a growing concern about the achievements made over the last ten years, particularly in area of women's political participation. Afghan government has had a political approach towards women's rights and often ignored these rights to buy conservative elements. This is what Roth from HRW says, "Many Afghan women feel that they are stuck between hostile insurgent forces and an indifferent government. A good step forward would be to give women a far weightier role in the government institutions that are making vital decisions about the country's future."
It should therefore be said that the new NATO mission must consider the following: 1) they should not leave Afghans to be targeted by atrocious insurgents and militants. 2) they should not ignore good governance and women's rights because of any hasty withdrawal.