The Independent Election Commission (IEC) has drafted a new electoral law and submitted it to the Ministry of Justice for processing. The post-Taliban Afghanistan has been through two presidential and two parliamentary and provincial council elections. The last presidential election was marred by widespread frauds. After audit process, more than a million votes were thrown away, as a result of which President Hamid Karzai was reelected with less than the constitutionally required fifty plus one percent of the votes casted. The widespread frauds had a number of repercussions:
1) Loss of public trust in the election process in particular and democratization process in general.
2) President Karzai lost his legitimacy to represent the nation.
3) He nursed grudges against the international community that did or pushed for the audit to throw out his fraudulent votes, which affected the cooperation and coordination between his government and international community.
President Karzai officially entered into a "slight wrestling" with international community, in particular the United States of America. The trauma of tossing out President Karzai's fraudulent votes caused a disorder for the President. His grudge against international community verged on animosity against them as he warned, once, that he would join the Taliban and declare international community as "occupation forces." This situation provided the context for the Taliban to increase their terrorist activities.
Despite the fact that the US President Barack Obama dispatched an additional 30,000 surge troops to Afghanistan to disrupt and dismantle Al-Qaeda and reverse the Taliban's momentum, a lack of cooperation on the part of President Karzai and his insistence to call the Taliban as his unhappy brothers contributed to the success of the surge in turning the security situation around.
4) Since President Karzai did not have the required legitimacy, he tended towards autocracy and despotism in order to overcome the feeling of weakness he had because of his fraudulent reelection. Since the existing political system centralizes too much power in the hand of an individual, the President who is not a member of a political party abused this power to obstruct the parliamentary election process. He turned it into a political game for almost a year, first refusing to inaugurate the new parliament and then unconstitutionally establishing a special election tribunal to unseat the MP's that he did not like.
After the new parliament was opened, he bought off the individual MP's to turn the parliament into an inefficient body without any institutional coherence and unity to hold the government to account. This was because of absence of strong political parties in the parliament. The new draft law allocates one third of parliament seats in provinces to the political parties and the other two-third to those running independently. In order to strengthen the parliament, it should be the other way around. Political parties should be allowed to compete for two third of the seats at least.