Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Saturday, July 22nd, 2017

The Dystopian World

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The Dystopian World

Man’s megalomania and egotism led to war and violence throughout the history. Dictatorial regimes sought to eradicate their political opponents so as to keep their positions safe from jeopardy. The despotic rulers had constantly choked the voice raised for rights or liberties or declaimed against oppressions. The individuals, bereft of their basic rights, were subjugated to puissant forces. The historical conflagrations and outpouring of hatred and animosity put man’s humanity under question.
Malice and cruelty continue unabated. We harm one another, perpetrate honor-killing acts, blacken our neighbors’ reputation and shed our brothers’ blood without regard to the call of our conscience. We succumb to the worldly temptations, yield to carnal desires and satiate our voracious appetite for not only pecuniary issues but for hurting our fellows without feeling a sense of guilt.
In modern world, a vacuum for spiritual life is felt deeply. There lacks ethical code in individual and collective life in human societies. The rights and dignity of mankind is trampled upon in the worst possible way. Violence and carnage make the daily headlines on national and international newspapers. Terrorism shed the blood of men, women and children around the world, mainly in Islamic countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, etc. Life is highly cheap.
Since religious intolerance, radical ideology and degrading men’s rights and status led to bloody wars within the past history, human society will have to nurture the spirit of brotherhood and respect one another on the basis of being human irrespective of their race, sex, color and creed. Similarly, we are to practice upon the Golden Rule, ‘do unto others as you would have them do unto you’ and listen to the call of conscience so as not to let the history repeat. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has uncovered the reason behind violence and violation of men’s rights and dignity and also suggests the prescription for healing the men’s chronic wounds as it states, ‘Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people’.
The civil unrests and insurgency in Afghanistan stemmed from radical mentality, religious intolerance and a certain ideology. It is an unmistakable fact that the warring parties, who are operating under their religious leaders, cherish a certain ideology, which is highly narrow and parochial. Their radical mentalities have surpassed humanity and ethical code since they show no mercy to women and children.
It must be noted that men are born free with natural and inalienable rights and dignity. The rules like ‘don’t kill others’ originates from the natural rights of ‘harm no mankind’ or ‘certain punishments must be considered for certain misdeeds’ originates from ‘each perpetrator must be punished’. Therefore, natural rights are the barometer for man-made laws and suit men’s nature.
It is believed that the war and violence will continue unless the world upholds human rights and dignity, practice tolerance towards one another and nurture morality in social life. Morality is not something innate such as parental loves or emotional acts. When you feel hungry you eat something or you just love your friends emotionally – they are not called moral acts. If you feel sympathy and help a criminal escape from the law or police, you have done even immoral act. Morality originates in your reason and conscience. You follow the reasonable orders of your wisdom, which is not colored by your sensation, it is called morality. But it should be noted that if you help someone as a reaction to his support or expecting something in favor, it is not called a moral act. Rather morality is a selfless act that you do for others without any expectations – which draws people’s praise. 
It is aptly said that ‘nakedness is a disease of our time.’ It does not necessarily mean physical nakedness but also spiritual one. In modern world, men are naked of virtue, humanity and ethical code. Spiritually, men are naked of compassion and empathy. My species are deep in the quagmire of vice and wickedness. We live in the world where our fellows seek their self-interests at the cost of our lives. We live in the world of nakedness of morality and spirituality. Men suck the blood of one another to lengthen their own life. Don’t you believe that ‘man is man’s wolf’ and there is ‘the war of all against all’?
‘Our task must be to free ourselves from the prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty. The true value of a human being is determined by the measure and the sense in which they have obtained liberation from the self. We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if humanity is to survive.’ Let us exercise our rights and let others to do so in a peaceful air. In short, we are to respect men’s fundamental rights and abandon violence and bloodshed otherwise the pain and sufferings in human societies will never come to an end.

Hujjattullah Zia is the permanent writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at zia_hujjat@yahoo.com

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