Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Friday, November 24th, 2017

The 19th National Congress of China

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The 19th National Congress of China

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), which starts on Wednesday, offers a chance to review achievements under the leadership of Chinese President, also the Party’s General Secretary, Xi Jinping. At the congress, Xi is expected to deliver a report on the committee’s work in the past five years and to present the future direction of the Party and state.
The 19th CPC National Congress, which will be convened on October 18, is going to review the Party’s work over the past five years and summarize precious experiences that the Party has gained from the historical process of uniting and leading people of all ethnic groups to carry on and advance socialism with Chinese characteristics under the leadership of Xi Jinping.
To review the past five years, remarkable progress were made in deepening reforms, enhancing the rule of law, improving the environment, and building a strong army. The fight against corruption has also gained crushing momentum.
As the leader of the Party, Chinese military and nation, Xi has made a series of practical and historically significant achievements in advancing reform and development, internal affairs and China’s diplomacy, as well as in governance. Therefore, his nation strongly supported the Party, which won high praise from the international community, too.
Backed by Xi’s new thoughts and ideas on governance, the CPC has carried out substantial strategies for solving insurmountable challenges, and gaining great achievements. The Party took high step in the process of rejuvenation, since the 18th National Congress, and provided a “Chinese plan” for the common problems developing countries face in the process of modernization.
In terms of mitigating unemployment, Ning Jizhe, head of Chinese National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said that China’s nationwide survey-based unemployment rate stood at 4.83 percent in Sept, the lowest since 2012.
It is said that some 9.74 million new jobs were created in China’s urban regions from January to August, which means China has already fulfilled 88.5 percent of its official goal to create 11 million new jobs in 2017. “The per capita income doubled in the past five years and villagers feel much happier,” Fu Huating, party chief of the Xingshisi village, Gannan County is cited as saying. “We will roll up our sleeves and work harder, staunchly following the Party.” In short, China has seen over 55 million reach a reasonable standard of living within the past five years.
Through “economic policy” China has also forged a relationship with the rest of the world on the basis of interests. This diplomacy transcends differences in social and political, and ideological systems.
Similarly, anti-corruption campaign has swept across Chinese community, putting at least 240 senior officials under investigation.
Xi said that once China had a moderately prosperous society, by 2020, the Party and people of various ethnic groups across his country would be motivated to build a modernized socialist country by 2049, the centenary of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).  
In terms of foreign policy, China’s independent foreign policy of peace has boosted its soft power. At the current historical point, China will further its integration into the rest of the world and receive more worldwide attention. Soft power is exerting a more profound and direct influence on China’s peaceful development. To put it succinctly, Chinese state is bound to value the enhancement of soft power at the strategic level.
China is also concerned about the issue of terrorism and instability in Afghanistan. Beijing formally initiated a mediation bid to ease Afghan-Pak tensions and encourage the two neighbors to jointly work for combating terrorism and promoting regional peace. In June, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi traveled to Kabul where he met with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other senior officials to discuss ways to improve ties with Pakistan. He also traveled to Islamabad for furthering his mediation mission.
Recently, Quadrilateral Coordination Group (QCG) – comprising of Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and the United States – was revived and held a meeting in Muscat, Oman’s capital, on Monday to discuss Afghan peace process. Hence, China does its best to broker peace talks between Afghan government and the Taliban and build trust between Kabul and Islamabad.
To sum up, China, besides gaining achievements at national level, struggles with bona fide intention in terms of regional peace, stability, and sustainable development. Its “smile diplomacy” will bear the desired result.

The 19th Congress, which is highly important, will draw out guideline and policies to respond to the call of time and reform the Party’s constitution accordingly. The congress will also boost confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, continue to adopt an overall approach to promote economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress.

Hujjatullah Zia is the permanent writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan. He can be reached at zia_hujjat@yahoo.com

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