Editor in Chief: Moh. Reza Huwaida Thursday, April 25th, 2019

Public Sufferings Continue even with Democratic Discourses

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Public Sufferings Continue even  with Democratic Discourses

Violation of human rights and humanitarian law have been widespread around the globe in general and in war-stricken countries in particular. A large number of individuals have been suffering severely and neither national laws nor international instruments could safeguard their rights, liberty and dignity.
People’s rights and freedoms were trampled upon both in individual and collective life. There are many reasons behind the malpractices and violation of people’s rights and liberties. Despite heated topics about democracy and human rights and global conferences, the public sufferings have continued unabated. The conflict and terrorism had multiplied the public sufferings and there seems no light at the end of the tunnel. 
There are many reasons behind violation of human rights. First, religious intolerance and ideological differences played a highly destructive role in human societies and triggered bloody wars throughout the history. People suffered painfully on the basis of their religious backgrounds. Despite all the sacrifices made in this regard, ideological differences still take their toll on people’s life and liberty. Religious radicals still shed streams of blood under the sacred term of religion. They intend to impose their warped minds on individuals at the barrel of gun. In a nutshell, lack of religious tolerance and persisting in dogmatic ideology yet threaten human rights around the world. For instance, the Taliban and the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), who blackmail the entire world, were established out of sectarianism and inflexible ideology.
Similarly, racial discrimination and ethnocentrism are the second reason behind violence and bloodshed which restrict individuals’ rights. Elementally, when an ethnic group deems itself superior than another, it will also claim further rights – this will lead to tension and may spark political unrest within a society. Claiming racial superiority is tantamount to humiliating the natural dignity of other mankind. The history shows that whenever a group was held in contempt, it showed a strong reaction against the violators of their rights and dignity.
The escalated violence and bloodshed, violation of human rights and extreme cruelty unfold man’s megalomania and insatiable thirst for power. The collective life is void of virtue since atrocity and moral corruption prevail around the globe. A civil society, where people could exercise their rights and liberty, is no more than a dream. The headlines of newspapers are replete with bloodcurdling stories: killing innocent civilians, massacring ethnic minority groups, raping women, discriminating one on the grounds of their race and color, etc.
Historical violence and bloodshed, which wrecked deadly havoc on human societies, originated from violation of human rights, aggression and tyranny. In other words, when men found their rights and dignity at risk, they had “recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression”.
We live in modern world but men’s dream for a utopian world has not come true. Democratic discourse and civil society have been hotly debated but the true spirit of democracy is missing. Men’s pains and sufferings continue unabated.
The poignant incidents and heart-wrenching stories of war victims are stain on the collective conscience. The almost passive role of the international community in such a critical situation is a matter of great concern. The world has to stop playing the role of spectator. There is a lot to be done so as to root out the terrorism and uphold the rights and dignity of the people regardless of their ethnicity, color or faith. There is a crying for ending the war through an effective strategy and combating insurgency.
Nonviolence and peaceful treatment will build the utopian world of the mankind and vice versa. The current dystopia, which is filled with fear and hatred and the blood of men, women, and children, is the result of radicalism and intolerance. It is believed that secularizing political issues will decrease violence in the region. After all, the hotbed of radicalism and its supporting factors should be abolished so that the terrorist networks no more find room for their activities. Moreover, establishing regional and international counter-insurgency institutions besides national ones will lead to elimination of terrorism and reduce violence to a great extent.
Moreover, men need to fill their spiritual vacuum with humanity and moral standards and listen to the call of their conscience. In addition, the world has to practice upon the golden rule “do unto others as you would have them do unto you” which is the basis of international instruments. Mankind will be able to alleviate the individuals’ pains and sufferings through practicing upon international laws.

Hujjatullah Zia is the permanent writer of the Daily Outlook Afghanistan and freelance writer based in Kabul. He can be reached at zia_hujjat@yahoo.com

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